Tanana Chiefs, The
Native Rights and Western Law
At the turn of the twentieth century, life was changing drastically in Alaska. The gold rush brought an onslaught of white settlers to the area, railroad companies were pushing into the territory, and telegraph lines opened up new lines of communication. The Native groups who had hunted and fished on the land for more than a century realized that if they did not speak up now, they would lose their land forever.
This is the story of a historic meeting between Native Athabascan leaders and government officials, held in Fairbanks, Alaska in 1915. It was one of the first times that Native voices were part of the official record. They sought education and medical assistance, and they wanted to know what they could expect from the federal government. They hoped for a balance between preserving their way of life with seeking new opportunities under the law. The Tanana Chiefs chronicles the efforts by Alaska Natives to gain recognition for rights under Western law and the struggles to negotiate government-to-government relationships with the federal government. It contains the first full transcript of the historic meeting as well as essays that connect that first gathering with the continued efforts of the Tanana Chiefs Conference, which continues to meet and fight for Native rights.
William Schneider is professor emeritus at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, where he ran the Oral History Program and taught anthropology. His thirty-four year career in Alaska was devoted to documentation of the history and cultures of Alaska Natives.
Contributors to this volume include:
Thomas Alton, a historian of the Progressive Era in Alaskan history.
Will Mayo, past president of the Tanana Chiefs Conference and a national leader in Native American affairs.
Kevin Illingworth, Associate Professor of Tribal Management at the Interior Alaska Campus of the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
Natasha Singh, Legal Counsel for the Tanana Chiefs Conference, which represents Native villagers in the Interior of Alaska.
"William Schneider, Alaska’s premier oral historian, whose dedication to the preservation
of Alaska and Alaska Native culture is widely known and highly respected, makes a
significant contribution with this volume on the Tanana Chiefs conference in Fairbanks
in the summer of 1915."